Three islands and six atolls, which covers 26 square km make up Tuvala, located in the South Pacific.  Tuvala is the most isolated nation in the world.  The mean annual temperature is 29 degrees celsius and has an average rainfall total of 3,000 mm.  Coconuts and pandanus grow naturally, while bananas, papayas and breadfruit are cultivated.  Fish and tuna are there main source of protein, but they also eat chicken and pork; and about 75 percent of their food is imported.  About 12,000 residents live on these islands.  From the pictures below, Tuvala looks like an amazing place to live, but as always, looks can be deceiving.  With the increase of global warming, due to burning of fossil fuels and clearing of forests, the island’s shorelines are being destroyed.  This reduces the land for growing crops and also contaminates the fresh water for drinking.  Increasing temperatures will cause an increase in hurricanes, and for such small islands, devastating results are common.  The water temperatures also effect coral bleaching, which occurs when an organism’s symbiotic algae are displaced.  The biggest problem these islands have is eventually the water is going to rise above the land.  The people don’t want to leave their land, but know it will eventually happen.  According to http://www.tuvalu.southpacific.org/tuvalu/climatechange.html, New Zealand has promised to accepted the entire population when the sea  takes over the islands. 

This first documentary shows how the disappearing of their homeland is affecting their culture, relationships and their overall well being.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HlFVJBZfsBY&feature=related

This clip shows how the water levels are affecting their crops and homes.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BNql8BiAijw&feature=related